In India, we celebrate Engineer’s Day on September 15, as a tribute to the greatest Indian Engineer Bharat Ratna Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya.

Also known as Sir MV, was born in 1861 in Muddenahalli village in Karnataka, which has been coined as Engineer’s Day in India. He was known as the father of Modern Mysore for his outstanding contribution to society.

In 1955, the government of India honoured him with the highest civilian honour — Bharat Ratna for his numerous industrial, economic and social projects. He was also conferred the British knighthood by King George V, which put the honorific ‘sir’ before his name.

Here are the 5 facts you should know about Mokshagundam Visvesvaraya

* From 1912 to 1918, M. Visvesvaraya was appointed as the Diwan of Mysore. He was the chief engineer responsible for the construction of the Krishna Raja Sagara Dam in Mysore. Under his Dewanship, Mysore had undergone a major transformation in the realms of agriculture, irrigation, industrialization, education, banking and commerce.

* He completed his graduation in Bachelor of Arts (BA) from the University of Madras, done civil engineering from College of Science in Pune.

* He designed and patented automatic water floodgates in 1903, which were first installed at the Khadakwasla reservoir, in Pune.

* He was a renowned precursor of economic planning in India.

* In 1917, Visvesvaraya established Government Engineering College in Bengaluru which was later named University Visvesvaraya College of Engineering in his honour.