Nutrition is the vitality of life and we, as humans acknowledge the fact that without the proper intake of nutrients on a daily basis our bodies will fail and disease would ultimately follow. Although there is no food pyramid chart for pets, this same concept holds true.
The difficulty is that, as dog owners we can only assume and perhaps hope that we are feeding our dogs the right foods. See the below sections in order to find out more information on what we should or should not be feeding our dogs day in and day out.
As previously mentioned feeding dogs the right nutrition is paramount for their overall health and wellness. Without the proper nutrition, their health can certainly become compromised and their stamina can greatly become hampered. This isn’t something we would ever want to witness so creating and following a guide on their daily intake of vitamins, minerals, and other essential nutrients is very important.
Advising with the dog’s vet is surely a great approach however it should not be the only means. You really want to zero in on creating and tailoring an optimal diet plan for them. Some dogs can have an allergy to very basic foods which is why speaking with their vet should be the primary step. Secondly, check in with an associate at the local pet store and gather their advice.
The daily nutritional requirement from dog to dog can vary based on a number of factors. For instance, their age and weight should most certainly be taking into account, their activity levels, and their type of breed. The biggest disparity, nutrients wise appears to be between adult dogs and puppies however the one constant or staple are the macronutrients, especially fat and protein. A puppy in their growing stages requires much more protein and fat than an adult dog for instance. It is advised that puppies should receive approximately 20 grams of fat per day and about 55 grams of protein, and their overall caloric intake should be around 1000. Adult dogs require slightly less but the exact amounts depend on their activity levels.
Once a dog reaches say 9 years old, they are considered elderly and thus the diet plans should be monitored very carefully. For example, elderly dogs tend to have kidney problems which would then require you to decrease their phosphorous intake. Obesity and constipation also become prevalent which is why you would have to reduce their caloric intake. But again this also does depends on how active they are.
As we have just touch on in the previous section, protein and fat are the two musts for any dog. These nutrients, along with a good amount of fiber help support muscle growth and good organ health, in addition to increased energy. And with regards to the vitamins and minerals that humans ingest on a daily basis, the effects on dogs is essentially very similar.
For example, Calcium helps to support strong bone density while Vitamin K helps with the blood clotting. The amounts that dogs need to ingest on a daily basis are as follows: Calcium: .75g, Iron: 7.5 mg, Potassium: 1g, Sodium: 100mg, and Zinc: 15mg. These are just some of the basics as the entire chart can easily be sourced online or viewed at a pet store. Also note that these numbers are based on a 30 lb. average, healthy dog. Lastly, whatever you decide for daily nutritional requirements for dogs, be sure that you aren’t the sole decision maker. Speaking with a vet and a representative at a pet store would ultimately prove to be the most conscious decision.